Interesting Places Home History Photos Movie Accommodation Map Investment Contact
Wringinlawang Temple Brahu Temple Jolotundo Temple Bajangratu Temple Tikus Temple Segaran Pool Museum Trowulan Pendopo Agung Siti Inggil Graveyard Tomb of Princess from Campa Troloyo Graveyard


Trowulan site is supposed to be the center of Majapahit Kingdom years ago that has 11 km x 9 km width. This site covers Mojokerto and Jombang regency region. In this region, there are a lot of archaeological heritage for example, temple (Bajangratu, Gentong, Wringinlawang, etc), pool (Segaran Pool, Tikus), gateway, foundation of building, and artifact like statue, relief, some equipment of ceremony, and household.

These ancient heritage amounts make the researcher interesting. First research noted in 1815 by Wardenaar as Raffles command, booked in "History of Java" (published 1817, Raffles masterpiece). The next researchers are WR Van Hovell (1849), JFG BRUMUND (1854), and Jonathan Rigg, which published as "Jurnal of The Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia". Hereinafter, there were many researches to this site, include Mojokerto regent RAA Kramadjaja Adinegara, Tikus temple inventor in 1914. During his leadership it also built museum Mojokerto that save many Majapahit Kingdom objects that being found in this site.

The famous ancient researcher in this site is Henri Maclaine Port. This Dutch Architect had built special research office of Trowulan site. The dig result (1924 - 1926) matched with description in Kitab Negarakertagama and resulted reconstruct sketch of Majapahit city. Majapahit city tight depicted in roads network form and circumference wall formed foursquare blocks. Through air photograph (1981), there is canals and dam around this site. This thing can be made one of evidence that Majapahit Kingdom was agrarian kingdom with adequate fertile soil and irrigation.

After Maclaine Pont research, since 1953 the research in this site done by Dinas Purbakala dan Peninggalan Nasional Seksi Bangunan (Department of Archeology And National Heritage of Building Section) in Trowulan. Since 1970 presents Pusat Penelitian Arkeologi Nasional (Center of National Archeology Research) to dig and check exhaustively in this site.

Eastern Javanese history usually divided into three dynasti periods. The first was the period when the kings of Kadiri ruled over Java (10th - 1222 AD) they ware succeeded by the dynasty of Singasari (1222 - 1293 AD), which in turn was replaced by the kings of Majapahit (1293 - early 16th century).

Majapahit’s Power reached its summit under the rule of King Hayam Wuruk. Gajah Mada was again prime minister until his death in 1365 AD. After Hayam Wuruk died in 1389 AD. The country was split up by fraternal conflicts. Hayam Wuruk had been succeeded by the crown princess Kusumawarddhani, who had married with a relative, Prince Wikramawarddhana.





Another about Majapahit Website
Memories of Mojopahit website - The History of Mojopahit Kingdom