TO TROWULAN TOURISM
Trowulan site is supposed
to be the center of Majapahit Kingdom years ago that has
11 km x 9 km width. This site covers Mojokerto and Jombang
regency region. In this region, there are a lot of archaeological
heritage for example, temple (Bajangratu, Gentong, Wringinlawang,
etc), pool (Segaran Pool, Tikus), gateway, foundation of
building, and artifact like statue, relief, some equipment
of ceremony, and household.
These ancient heritage amounts make the researcher interesting.
First research noted in 1815 by Wardenaar as Raffles command,
booked in "History of Java" (published 1817, Raffles
masterpiece). The next researchers are WR Van Hovell (1849),
JFG BRUMUND (1854), and Jonathan Rigg, which published as
"Jurnal of The Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia".
Hereinafter, there were many researches to this site, include
Mojokerto regent RAA Kramadjaja Adinegara, Tikus temple
inventor in 1914. During his leadership it also built museum
Mojokerto that save many Majapahit Kingdom objects that
being found in this site.
The famous ancient researcher in this site is Henri Maclaine
Port. This Dutch Architect had built special research office
of Trowulan site. The dig result (1924 - 1926) matched with
description in Kitab Negarakertagama and resulted reconstruct
sketch of Majapahit city. Majapahit city tight depicted
in roads network form and circumference wall formed foursquare
blocks. Through air photograph (1981), there is canals and
dam around this site. This thing can be made one of evidence
that Majapahit Kingdom was agrarian kingdom with adequate
fertile soil and irrigation.
After Maclaine Pont research, since 1953 the research in
this site done by Dinas Purbakala dan Peninggalan Nasional
Seksi Bangunan (Department of Archeology And National Heritage
of Building Section) in Trowulan. Since 1970 presents Pusat
Penelitian Arkeologi Nasional (Center of National Archeology
Research) to dig and check exhaustively in this site.
Eastern Javanese history usually divided into three dynasti
periods. The first was the period when the kings of Kadiri
ruled over Java (10th - 1222 AD) they ware succeeded by
the dynasty of Singasari (1222 - 1293 AD), which in turn
was replaced by the kings of Majapahit (1293 - early 16th
Majapahit’s Power reached its summit under the rule
of King Hayam Wuruk. Gajah Mada was again prime minister
until his death in 1365 AD. After Hayam Wuruk died in 1389
AD. The country was split up by fraternal conflicts. Hayam
Wuruk had been succeeded by the crown princess Kusumawarddhani,
who had married with a relative, Prince Wikramawarddhana.