the landscape, East Java's climate is varied, depending upon
altitude. The plains and lower hill regions are hot and humid,
making conditions ideal for wet rice cultivation (sawah).
Further up in the hills the air becomes quite cool, while
in high mountainous areas at night the temperature can drop to
near zero. Hill regions are well suited for the cultivation of
a large variety of fruits and vegetables, which thrive in the
There is also history to be found in East Java, beginning with the fossilzed remains of prehistoric animals and mankind's early ancestors at sites such as Trinil. Evidence of ancient megalithic culture can be seen in the regions of Situbondo and Mt Argopura in the eastern part of the province. Then there are the numerous temple ruins from the classical Hindu/Buddhist period (7th - 15th C.,), as well as the historical sites dating from the early days of Islam and Dutch colonial times. More recent history, concerning Indonesia's struggle for independence and the birth of the modern nation can be seen in several well arranged museum displays and in the many monuments which stand in cities and towns throughout the province.
Arts, crafts and cottage industries are plentiful in East Java and each region has its own speciality. Tuban and Madura, for instance, are well known production centres of batik, the cloth for which Java is especially famous. At Tulungagung there is a marble industry, at Pacitan agate, at Situbondo shell handicrafts and at Nganjuk the speciality is onyx and brassware.
'Adventure', or 'special interest' touring is still in its infancy in East Java, yet there is enormous potential in this area. Mt Bromo, of course. is already a well known destination, but other remote and exciting places to visit, such as the crater lakes of Ijen and Kelud, or the forested slopes of Semeru. Lawu and Argopura, receive comparatively few visitors. There are also many small islands Iying off the coasts of East Java and Madura, among them the Kangean group, as well as Bawean Island, with its unique species of deer.
For rest and relaxation there are beach resorts like Pasir Putih, Prigi or Slopeng; hill towns such as Batu and Sarangan, or the lake areas of Karangkates and Selorejo, to name just a few. Whether one'staste be swimming,sailing, horse riding,waterskiing, hiking,fishing,orjust enjoying beautiful surroundings. there is sure to be something for everyone in the fascinating province of East Java.
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