East Java is
one of the Republic of Indonesia's 27 provinces, occupying an
area of some 48,000 square kilometres just south of the equator.
Including the island of Madura, it accounts for a little more
than a third of Java's total land surface and supports a population
of almost 33,000.000 inhabitants. To the east, across a narrow
strait, lies the island of Bali: to the west are the provinces
of Central Java and the Special Region of Yogyakarta.
Two main waterways, the Brantas and Solo rivers, are lifelines for much of East Java's predominantly agricultural community. The former rises in the highlands to the north west of Malang and follows a circuitous path before dividing into a number of smaller streams to meet the sea at Surabaya. The famous Bengawan Solo. Iongest river in Java. has its source in the centre of the island and stretches 540 kilometres before joining the coast at Gresik. Other important rivers include the Madiun, Konto, Sampeyan and Grindulu.
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