Tanjung Perak Harbour
Tanjung Perak is one harbor gateway in Indonesia. As the gateway, hence Tanjung Perak have become the center collector and goods distributor to east Indonesia area especially for East Java province.
Because its strategic located and supported by hinterland area the potential East Java is Tanjung Perak harbor that also as the center sea transport of east Indonesi. Ahead, Ocean ships unload and load its goods through lighters and boats, which can reach Jembatan Merah (the first port by then) that reside in Surabaya city through Kalimas River. Because the development of commerce traffic and goods improvement, also the increasing of current transportation, hence the dock facilities in Jembatan Merah is not fallen short.
Then in 1875, Ir.W. De Jongth compiled a development plan of Tanjung Perak harbor in order to give the opportunity to the ocean ships to unload and load directly without lighters and boats help. However this plan is then refused because the cost is too high.
Has just at first ten years in 20th century, I. WB. Van Goor made a realistic plan that emphasizing a compulsion for ocean ships to close its ship at dock. Two experts are invited from Netherland that is Prof.DR.J Kraus and GJ. De Jongth to give a suggestion about the execution of development plan of Tanjung Perak harbor.
After 1910, hence the development of Tanjung Perak harbor is started. During its development, there are a lot of demand for apply dock, which have not been entirely completed. Thereby, hence it had executed its expansion. Since at that time, Tanjung Perak harbor has given a big contribution for the economic development and has important role, not only for the improvement of commerce traffic in East Java but is also all of east Indonesia area.
In this development period, the expansions effort always done by Tanjung Perak harbor that aimed to dock extension, especially the container dock, extension and completion facilities, expansion of industrial in harbor area, the passenger terminal development and the other facilities that related to modern port development.
source : www.surabaya.go.id
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