Tikus Temple (the 'rat temple') is located
about 500 meters south east of Bajang Ratu Temple. Precisely
located in Temon village, Trowulan district, Mojokerto
regency, sized 16 m length, 16 m width, and 3,5 m height.
Restored to its present condition between the years 1985
and 1989, the site comprises the remains of an ancient
ritual bathing place (petirtaan) dating from Majapahit
The principal building originally consisted of two terraces,
upon which a concentric arrangement of 'turrets' surrounded
the highest part of the structure, located in the centre.
This form may be seen to reflect that of the holy Mt Mahameru
of Hindu mythology, from which is believed to spring the
elixir of immortality. The unusual name of this temple
is connected with the circumstances of its discovery in
1914. At that time, apparently, the neighborhood was experiencing
a plague of rats. Each time efforts were made to exterminate
them, however, the creatures would disappear down a hole
in a small hillock. On the order of the old regent of
Mojokerto, Kromojoyo Adinegoro, the mound was consequently
excavated with the purpose of destroying the rats' nest.
The result was the discovery of one of Trowulan's most
important archaeological sites.
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