Syeh Maulana Malik Ibrahim, also known as Syeh Maghribi or Sunan
is considered to be the "father" of Wali Sanga (nine saints).
arrival in East Java occurred in about A.D. 1404, but little is
known about his origin.
Some believed that he came from Turkey or Nothern India and some
others believed from Persia.
spreading Islamic faith, he focused his activities in East Java and settled in the region of Gresik until he died in A.D.1419 and
was buried in Gapura Village City Subdistrict, Gresik Regency, 6
km from the city which can be reached with public transport.
His tombstone is of particular interest, because it is carved from
and intricately inscribed with Arabic letters and was shipped from
Gujarat in north western India.
Visit : Syeh Maulana Malik Ibrahim Website
Ampel, whose first name is Al Rahmatullah, is a son of Syeh Ibrahim
Assamarqondy, coming from Bukhoro-Samarkand, and the princess
of Champa, Dewi Candrawulan.
Having enough knowledge, he began to spread the Islamic teaching
One of his well known teaching is the "moh limo", refusing
the five things, such as : gambling, stealing, adultery, drug
abuse and alcoholic drink. To assist easier understanding and
receiving of the teaching, he created "pegon" letters,
Javanesse language written in Arabic letters.
It is said further, that two members of "Wali Sanga",
Sunan Bonang and Sunan Drajat, are his sons, while Sunan Giri and Sunan Kudus in Central Java are his sons-in-law.
He is also a kind older brother, to whom the other saints went
for guidance. He is also regarded as the the spiritual force behind
the founding of Java's first Islamic kingdom in Demak. In A.D.
1479, he died and was buried in Ampel Denta, Surabaya, 2 km from